Various initiatives and declarations led to a binding Open Access commitment, and to an advocacy of the implementation of Open Access specifically.
Further information can be found directly on the individual websites.
Budapest OA Initiative
The Budapest Open Access Initiative arose from a small but lively meeting convened by the Open Society Institute (OSI) on December 1-2, 2001, in Budapest. The purpose of the meeting was to accelerate progress in the international effort to make research articles in all academic fields freely available on the internet.
The Berlin Declaration was formulated at a meeting in Berlin (20-22.10.2003). The declaration was originally signed by German and other research organisations and has since found many more institutional signatories worldwide.
Washington DC Principles
The Washington DC Principles for Free Access to Science formulate the common goal of non-profit organizations in the medical, scientific and publishing sector.
The Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing is the summary of a conference held on April 11, 2003.
Declaration of the OECD (Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development) on access to publicly funded research data.
ALL European Academies
ALLEA has published a statement on Open Science. All member organizations – including the Swiss Academies of Arts and Sciences – are active in various fields of Open Science.
The League of European Research Universities (LERU) has released an online petition and calls upon the European Commission (EC) and the forthcoming Dutch EU presidency to work intensively together with all stakeholders involved in Open Access. The aim is to clarify the issue of business models for Open Access publishing and embargo periods for Green Open Access. The University of Zurich as well as many UZH researchers have signed this petition, in addition to more than 8,400 other researchers and organizations, and thus clearly signal their solidarity with their European partners.